Multi-proxy dating the ‘Millennium Eruption’ of Changbaishan to late 946 CE

Ranking among the largest volcanic eruptions of the Common Era (CE), the ‘Millennium Eruption’ of Changbaishan produced a widely-dispersed tephra layer (known as the B-Tm ash), which represents an important tie point for palaeoenvironmental studies in East Asia. Hitherto, there has been no consensus on its age, with estimates spanning at least the tenth century […]

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Volcanology: Chronicling a medieval eruption

The climatic response to the eruption of the Samalas Volcano in 1257 has been elusive. Medieval archives tell of a spatially variable reaction, with Europe and Japan experiencing severe cold compared to relative warmth in North America. The eruption of Samalas Volcano in Indonesia in 1257 was one of the largest in the history of human […]

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